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ISSP UL scientific workshop (10.10.2017)

05.10.2017

On October 10 at 15:00 at the conference room on the 2nd floor of the UL ISSP, Ķengaraga iela 8, Dr. László Pusztai, (Wigner Research Centre for Physics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences) will give a talk entitled “A combination of X-ray and neutron diffraction experiments and molecular dynamics simulations for revealing the hydrogen bonded structure in alcohol/water liquid mixtures”.

Water-methanol and water-ethanol liquid mixtures have been investigated by X-ray diffraction and molecular dynamics computer simulations over the entire concentration region at room temperature. It has been found that for ethanol-water mixtures, the combination of OPLS-AA potential for the alcohol and (depending on the composition) the SWM4-DP (polarizable) or the TIP4P/2005 (non-polarizable) water potentials provide nearly quantitative agreement with measured X-ray data. Agreement between simulation and experiment for water-methanol mixtures was still fair. Hydrogen bonding statistics (such the number of H-bonds/molecules, clustering, and even percolation over H-bonds) have been calculated from the simulated particle configurations.

For the water-rich compositions, literature X-ray data are available as a function of temperature. Molecular dynamics simulations for water-methanol mixtures, using the OPLS-AA alcohol and the SPC/E water potentials, were able to reproduce ll observable trends as the mixtures were cooled down to about 223 K. Analyses of H-bonded structures has been carried out. The most remarkable finding was that formation of 6-membered H-bonded rings has been enhanced greatly as the temperature approached the freezing point of the mixtures.