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Functional materials for electronics and photonics.

The R&D activities will address new materials for light emitters, sensors, materials for photonic applications in information and communications technologies, technology development for synthesis and growth of large single crystals. Special attention will be given to prototyping of photonic and microelectronic devices based on the developed materials in close cooperation with Latvian SMEs.

Nanotechnology, nanocomposites and ceramics.

The R&D activities will cover novel nanomaterials and nanostructures, nanoceramics and polymer nanocomposites, lead-free ferroelectric ceramic materials, materials for batteries, hydrogen production and storage, as well as for thermoelectric devices. These activities will, in particular, pursue investigations of different nanowire based applications, studies of glass ceramics for numerous photonic applications, development of lead-free multiferroic materials, new sodium ion batteries and new materials and innovative technologies for hydrogen energetics.

Thin films and coating technologies.

The R&D activities will address the so-called Green Thin Film Nanotechnologies based on vacuum technologies as physical and chemical vapour deposition (PVD & CVD) and pulsed laser deposition (PLD) as well as organic and inorganic spray wet technologies. Development of infrastructure, technological processes and a search for new applications in the field are also of high economical priority for Latvia, which has one of the largest vacuum technology industries among the Baltic countries.

Theoretical and experimental studies of materials structure and properties.

Development of existing and novel theoretical and experimental tools are of crucial importance for characterisation, testing and studying of (nano-)materials structural, electronic, magnetic and optical properties. These tools include high performance computing, x-ray absorption and optical spectroscopies, scanning/electron/optical microscopy and methods for characterisation of structure.